What are these vegetable called in some Asian Languages?

Glossary table is sorted in alphabetical order according to English language. Pronunciations under the Chinese characters are based on PinYin.

Chinese

English

Malay

蔬菜

shu cai

Vegetable

Sayur-Sayuran

綠葉纇/凉拌菜

lu cai lei/liang ban cai

Leafy Green and salad

Ulam

莧菜

xian cai

Amaranth (Chinese Spinach)

Bayam

芹菜/西芹

qin cai/xi qin

Celery

Seledri

水芹

shui qin

Garden Cress

Tell us what this is called

茼蒿

tong hao

Garland chrysanthemum

Tell us what this is called

生菜/油麦

sheng cai/you mai

Lettuce

Selada

紅莧菜

hong xian cai

Red Amaranth

Bayam Merah

菠菜

bo cai

Spinach

Bayam Spinacia

馬齒莧

ma chi xian

Summer Purslane

Tell us what this is called

樹仔葉/守官木/越南菜/ 玉樹苗/綠健/甜香菜/ 大麵菜/福壽菜

shu zai cai/shou guan mu/yue nan cai/yu shu miao/lu jian/tian xiang cai/da mian cai/fu shou cai

Sweet leaf bush/Sauropus

Pucuk Manis

蕹菜/空心菜/竹 叶菜/通心菜/通菜/藤菜

yong cai/kong xin cai/zhu ye cai/tong xin cai/tong cai/teng cai

Water Spinach

Kangkung

西洋菜

xi yang cai

Watercress

Tell us what this is called

十字花科

Crucifer Family

Kubis

菜心

cai xin

Field Mustard Leaf/Choy Sum

Sawi

小白菜

xiao bai cai

Bak Choy

Bak Choy

西蘭花

xi lan hua

Broccoli

Brokoli

抱子甘藍

bao zi gan lan

Brussels Sprout

Tell us what this is called

卷心菜

juan xin cai

Cabbage

Kubis

花椰菜

hua ye cai

Cauliflower

Kubis Bunga

大白菜/黃芽白

da bai cai/huang ya bai

Chinese Cabbage

Kubis Cina

芥蘭

jia lan

Kai-Lan

Kailan

羽衣甘藍

yu yi gan lan

Kale

Tell us what this is called

紫甘藍

zi gan lan

Red Cabbage

Kubis Merah

瓜果纇

gua guo lei

Gourd Family

Labu

苦瓜

ku gua

Bitterguord

Peria/Pare/Parai

葫蘆/瓠瓜

hu lu/hu gua

Calabash/Bottle gourd

Labu Parang

佛手瓜/合手瓜/合掌瓜

fo shou gua/he shou gua/he zhang gua

Chayote

Krai/Labu Siam/Jipang

辣椒

la jiao

Chilli

Cabai

小胡瓜/绿皮番瓜

xiao hu gua/lu pi fan gua

Courgette/Zucchini

Tell us what this is called

黃瓜/青瓜

huang gua/qing gua

Cucumber

Timun

茄子/矮瓜/落蘇

qie zi/ai gua/luo su

Eggplant/Aubergine/Brinjal

Terung

哈密瓜

ha mi gua

Hami Melon

Labu Hami

蜜瓜

mi gua

Honeydew

Tembikai Susu

絲瓜

si gua

Luffa

Luffa

南瓜

nan gua

Pumpkin

Labu Merah

番茄

fan qie

Tomato

Tomato

西瓜

xi gua

Watermelon

Tembikai

冬瓜

dong gua

Winter melon

Labu Air

薯芋纇

shu yu lei

Root and Tuber Crops

Ubi

甜菜

hu cai

Beet Root

Ubi Bit Merah

胡蘿蔔

hu luo bo

Carrot

Lobak Merah

木薯

mu shu

Cassava/Tapioca Root

Ubi Kayu

jiang

Ginger

Halia/Jahe

辣根

la gen

Horseradish

Tell us what this is called

洋薑

yang jiang

Jerusalem Artichoke

Bengkoang Jerusalem

莲藕

lian ou

Lotus Root

Akar Teratai

沙葛

sha ge

Mexican Turnip

Sengkuang

歐洲蘿蔔/防風草根

ou zhou luo bo/fang feng cao gen

Parsnip

Lobak

馬駖薯/土豆

ma ling shu/tu dou

Potato

Ubi Kentang

蘿蔔

luo bo

Radish

Lobak Putih

番薯

fan shu

Sweet potato

Keledek/Ubi Jalar/Rambat

蕪菁/白蘿蔔

wu qing/bai luo bo

Turnip

Lobak Cina

芋頭

yu tou

Yam

Keladi

莖纇/鳞莖/葱蒜纇

jing lei/lin jing/cong suan lei

Edible Plant Stem and Bulb/Allium Family

Tell us what this is called

洋薊/菜薊

yang ji/cai ji

Artichoke

Artichoke

蘆笋

lu sun

Asparagus

Asparagus

冬笋

dong sun

Bamboo shoot

Rebung/Tunas Buluh/Pucuk Buluh

芹菜

qin cai

Celery

Seledri

蒜/蒜頭

suan/suan tou

Garlic

Bawang Putih

韭菜

jiu cai

Garlic Chives

Bawang Kucai

韭葱

jiu cong

Leek

Daun Bawang Kucai

洋葱

yang cong

Onion

Bawang

大黄

da huang

Rhubarb

Tell us what this is called

紅蔥頭

hong cong tou

Shallot

Bawang Merah

cong

Spring Onion

Daun Bawang/ Loncang/Seprai/Sprei

莢果纇/豆莢纇

jia guo lei/dou/jia lei

Legume

Legume/Kedelai-kedelai

紅豆

hong dou

Adzuki Bean/Red Bean

Kacang merah

豆芽

dou ya

Bean Sprout

Taugeh/Tokolan/Kecambah

蠶豆

can dou

Broad Bean

Kacang Pipih

大紅豆

da hong dou

Kidney Bean

Kacang Ginjal

綠豆

lu dou

Mung Bean

Kacang hijau

豌豆/青豆

wan dou/qing dou

Pea

Kacang Pea

黃豆/大豆/毛豆

huang dou/da dou/mao dou

Soya/Soy Bean

Kacang soya

其他

qi ta

Others

Lain-lain

秋葵/羊角豆/潺茄

qiu kui/yang jiao dou/chan qie

Lady's Finger/Okra

Bendi/Gambas Kecil

Tell us what you know

There is always room for new information. If you know what these ingredients are called in your language and would like to share it with the other food lovers, let us know. We love to hear from you!

You are also welcome to suggest new ingredients in multi languages, if they are not on here. Your contribution is most valued!